People and Places

1. Dialogue

A: ’i ’u ’uw’ ’a’mut lhun’ ten? ‘Is your mother home?’
B: ’uwu ’i’us ’a’mut. ‘No, she is not at home.’
A: ni’ kwu’elh ’untsu? ‘Where is she then?’
B: ni’ nem’ tl’shhwimelust-hwus lhunu shhwum’nikw. ‘She took my aunt to the store.’
A: ’i ’u ’uw’ ’a’mut kwthun’ men? ‘Is your father at home?’
B: ’uwu. ni’ nem’ ’u kwthu q’aq’i’ew’t-hw lemutus kwthu nu sts’a’muqw. ‘No, he went to the hospital to see my great-grandfather.’
A: ’i ’u ’uw’ ’a’mut lhun’ shuyulh? ‘Is your big sister at home?’
B: ’uwu, ni’ tl’mutouliye’ nem’ huw’a’lum’iilh kwthunu squle’uq. ‘No, she took my little siblings to a game in Victoria.’
A: ’i ’u ch kwu’elh ’uw’ huy ’ul’? ‘Are you all alone then?’
B: ’uwu. ’i ’uw’ ’a’mut lhunu si’lu. ’un’stl’i’ ’u kwunus nem’ ’aat? ‘No, my grandmother is home. Do you want me to go call her?’

2. Vocabulary: Kinship

In this table, click on a Hu’lq’umi’num’ word to hear the sound.

Singular Plural Address
‘spouse (husband/wife)’
‘mother’ (also used for ‘grandmother’)
‘father’ (also used for ‘grandfather’)
‘grandparent’, ‘grandparent’s sibling’, ‘grandparent’s cousin’

‘grandchild’, ‘grandniece’, ‘grandnephew’, ‘cousin’s grandchild’
‘older brother/sister/cousin (w/ older linking relative)’
‘younger brother/sister/cousin (w/ younger linking relative’

‘aunt’, ‘uncle’, ‘parent’s cousin’
‘niece’, ‘nephew’, ‘cousin’s child’
‘aunt’, ‘uncle’, ‘parent’s cousin’ (w/ link deceased)

‘niece’, ‘nephew’, ‘cousin’s child’ (w/ link deceased)
‘great-grandparent/child’, etc.
‘great-great-grandparents/children’ etc.
‘great-great-great-grandparents/children’ etc.

3. Grammar: Possession

In View Articles ‘the, a’ ‘my’ ‘your’
masculine, plural tthu, tu tthunu, tunu tthun’, tun’
feminine thu thunu thun’
Out of View Articles ‘the, a’ ‘my’ ‘your’
masculine, plural kwthu, kwu kwthunu, kwunu kwthun’, kwun’
feminine lhu lhunu lhun’

Plural nouns are preceded by the plain articles tthu and kwthu, even when referring to females.

’e’uth thunu mun’u. ‘There is my daughter.’
’e’ut tthunu mun’u. ‘There is my son.’
’e’ut tthunu me’mu’nu. ‘There are my daughters/sons/kids.’

4. Vocabulary: Some Places

The suffix -ew’t-hw is used to form words for ‘house’, ‘building’, or ‘room’.

skwoulew’t-hw ‘schoolhouse’ (skwoul ‘school’)
t’i’wi’ulhew’t-hw ‘church’ (t’i’wi’ulh ‘pray’)
q’aq’i’ew’t-hw ‘hospital’ (q’aq’i’ ‘sick’)
qiquq’ul’sew’t-hw ‘police station’ (qiquq’ul’s ‘policeman’)
tth’uxminew’t-hw ‘thrift store’ (tth’uxmin ‘used stuff’)
xumhwusumew’t-hw ‘barber shop’ (xumhwusum ‘cut hair’)
theew’t-hw ‘longhouse’ (thi ‘big’)
le’lum’ilhew’t-hw ‘day care’ (le’lum’ilh ‘child care’)

5. Homework

5.1 Places

Write down these words and then tell what you think they mean:

1.’ulhtunew’t’hw 2. ’itutew’t’hw
3. kesulinew’t-hw 4. chukunew’t-hw
5. saxwulew’t’hw 6. yaaysew’t-hw
7. mekw’u’ew’t-hw 8. huw’a’lum’ew’t-hw
9. telew’t-hw 10. suplilew’t-hw
11. lemew’t-hw 12. lhexun’ew’t-hw
5.2 Kin Terms

Make questions about these kin terms and then give an answer:
example: father

Q: ni’ ’untsu kwthun’ men?
A: ni’ nem’ tl’tawun kwthunu men, nem’ ’u lhu telew’t-hw.
1. mother 2. younger brother 3. grandfather
4. grandmother 5. nephew 6. daughter
7. uncle 8. wife 9. older sister
10. great-grandchildren 11. brothers & sisters 12. great-great-grandmother