We have been working diligently for several decades to document and analyze the language.

Dictionaries, LexiconsDictionaries

Dictionaries and other types of lexicons are an important source of information on a language. Thanks to the efforts of our native speakers with linguistics training and the linguists and other experts that work with them, we have many types of dictionaries available for use for language teachers and language learners.

Gerdts, Donna, Leonard Edwards, Charles Ulrich, and Brian Compton. Hul’q’umin’um’ Words: An English-to-Hul’q’umin’um’ and Hul’q’umin’um’-to-English Dictionary. Prepared for the Chemainus, Nanaimo, and Nanoose First Nations and Nanaimo School District No. 68, December 1997

Practical orthography: View pdf publication document

Phonetic version: View pdf publication document

Right-click (control-click on a Mac) the link and choose “Save Link As…” to save the document to your computer


Grammatical descriptions and teaching grammars are sometimes useful for understanding how a language works.

Research from Donna GerdtsTheresa_Donna2_cropped

Linguist Donna Gerdts has been working on Hul’q’umi’num’ since 1975. She has worked with over one hundred Elders documenting and doing analysis of the language.

To see some of her publications, visit:


Research from Thomas Hukari

Linguist Thomas Hukari has been working on Hul’q’umi’num’ since 1974. He has written papers on many aspects of the language including phonology, morphology, and syntax.

To see some of his publications, go to: (link coming soon)


Donna Gerdts and Brian Compton, 1999, with the help of Elders, linguists, and a web-design class from BCIT, constructed a site featuring information on some native plants with words and recordings from all Island dialect, Downriver dialect, and Upriver dialect.
Native Peoples, Plants & Animals: A Halkomelem Ethnobiological Web Site

Visit site: 

enthnobiology_screenshot_1   enthnobiology_screenshot_2