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swetu sweater
tswetu have/make a sweater
tswe’wutu making a sweater
stekun socks
tstekun have/make socks
tstetukun’ making socks


(1) ‘i tsun tswe’wutu.
I am making a sweater.
(2) ‘i tsun tstetukun’.
I am making socks.


yasa’qw hat
napus cape
stl’uq’shun’ slippers
tth’xwa’lutsa’ gloves
shnuwul’exutun vest
shnuw’tsustun pouch


(3) xut’e’um’ ‘u tthu shnuw’tsustuns thunu telu
making a pouch for my money


tl’itsut to knit in a design stl’its design


(4) yath ch ‘uw’ saay’stuhw tthu stl’itss tse’ tthun’ syaays.
Always have the design for your work ready.


sxul’ geometric design
spe’uth bear
sqw’ulesh bird
sqw’ulqw’ulesh birds
skw’ulwexe’ butterfly
smuyutha’qw deerhead
yuxwule’ eagle
kwewe’uts elk
stuqiw horse
q’ullhanumutsun orca
sq’umul’ paddle
stseelhtun salmon
meqe’ snow(flake)
shwuhwa’us thunder(bird)
stqeeye’ wolf


(5) stem tse’ kw’ sxul’s thun’ syaays?
What design will be on your work?
(6) sxul’ tse’ ‘ul’ kw’ stl’itss.
The design will be geometric.


‘ethuqun front ‘ethuquns thu swetu front of the sweater
slhuq’we’lhs back slhuq’we’lhs thu swetu back of the sweater


(7) yuse’lu tse’ meqe’ ni’ ‘u tthu ‘ethuqun.
There will be two snowflakes on the front.
(8) nuts’a’ tse’ yuxwule’ ni’ ‘u tthu slhuqw’e’lhs.
There will be one eagle on the back.


smustimuhws thu swetu body of the sweater
tupsums thu swetu collar/neck of the sweater
t’eluw’s thu swetu sleeve/arm of the sweater
tl’eqt long
tl’utl’iits’ short


(9) tl’eqt tthu smustimuhws thu swetu.
The body is too long.
(10) nan ‘uw’ tl’eqt tthu t’eluw’s thu swetu.
The arms of the sweater are too long.
(11) nan ‘uw’ tl’ulqtul’exun’ thu swetu.
The arms of the sweater are too long.
(12) ‘e’uth tl’utl’iits’ thu swetu.
The sweater is too short.
(13) nan ‘uw’ tl’ululuts’ul’exun’ thu swetu.
The sleeves of the sweater are too short.
(14) stem tse’ kw’u hakushuhw?
What are you going to use?


lumutoul’qun wool
chikmun needle chelukmun needles
chi’chkmun’ little needle chuli’chkmun’ little needles


q’ep’ut tie it


(15) ni’ ch q’ep’ut tthun’ lumutoul’qun kwun’s hwun’a yaays.
You tie a knot when you first start your knitting.


wetth’ut knit it
wiw’e’wutth’ut knitting DIM.
wuliw’e’wutth’ut knitting them DIM.
wutth’els knit
we’wutth’ul’s knitting
wiw’e’wutth’ul’s knitting DIM.
huw’tth’a’lus knitting
suw’tth’a’lus knitted


(16) ‘i tsun huw’tth’ul’us.
I am knitting.
(17) stsuw’et lhu stl’i’tl’qulh kwsus yuhuw’tth’a’lus ‘u lhu swetu.
The child knows how to knit sweaters.


‘a’kw’ut hooking it
‘ukw’alust hooking the stitches on the needle
hw’ukw’alust hook stitches
hw’a’kw’ul’ust hooking stitches


(18) ni’ ch ‘ukw’alust tthu lumutoul’qun ‘u tthu chikmun.
You hook wool onto the needle to make the stitch.
(19) hw’ukw’alust lhu tthu ni’ ‘ulhep.
Hook up the stitches that slipped off.


tsuluw’alust purl (changing directions)
s’ulnutsth thu swetu bottom of the sweater


(20) ni’ ch tsuluw’alust kwun’s ni’ xte’um ‘u tthu s’ulnutsth thu swetu.
You purl when you do the bottom of the sweater.


ts’hwalus add more stitches
ts’hwalust add more stitches to it


(21) ni’ ch ts’hwalus ‘u kwus wulh hay tthu yutsutsuluw’a’lus.
You add more stitches when all the purl stitches are finished.


kw’shalust count stitch


(22) ni’ ch kw’shalust tthu ni’ st’i’am’ ‘u tthu nuts’a’ chikmun.
You count all the stitches on one needle.
(23) na’ut wulh stl’atl’um’ kwun’s q’uy’tth’t tthu yasa’qw.
It is time to start making the point on your toque.


q’tth’alust decrease knitting q’utth’ul’ust decreasing


(24) ni’ ‘u hwusq’tth’a’lus tthun’ syays?
Did you decrease (double-stitch) your knitting?
(25) ni’ ‘u ch wulh yuq’utth’ul’ust thun’ syays?
Are you decreasing your knitting?


shq’uy’tth’nuts heel snuxshun toe


(26) ni’ ch q’tth’alus ‘u kwun’s ni’ tus ‘u tthu shq’uy’tth’nuts.
When you get to the heel of the sock you decrease.
(27) kwus ‘usup’ thu stekun ‘i’ ni’ q’tth’alus, tthu ni’ ‘u tthu snuxshun.
When the sock is coming to the end, you decrease at the toe.


‘usup’ end (of the row)


(28) ni’ ch ‘usup’ ‘u tthu nuts’a’ lhihw chikmun.
When you finish three needles you come to the end of the row.


‘ulhept drop it (a stitch)
‘ulhpalus drop a stitch


(29) ni’ ch ‘ulhept tthu nuts’alust ‘u kwun’s ni’ ‘ukw’alust.
You drop one stitch when you knit.
(30) na’ut tl’e’ wulh ‘ulhpalus tthunu syays.
I have dropped a stitch in my knitting again.
(31) ‘uwu ch ‘ulhpalusus tthun’ syaays.
Don’t drop any stitches when you are working.
(32) hw’ukw’alust lhu tthu ni’ ‘ulhep.
Hook up the stitches that slipped off.
(33) ‘i ‘a’kw’ustus lhu syays t’ut’uyum’tus ‘u kwthu chikmun.
She is hooking her knitting up onto the needles.


hw’ut’alust stretch (knitting)


(34) hw’ut’alust tthun’ syaays.
Stretch your work (knitting).
(35) ‘i hw’a’t’ul’ustus thu skwuyxutsums.
She was stretching her knitting.


p’utl’ul’ust feeling stitches


(36) skw’ey ‘u kw’un’s lumnuhw thun’ syays ‘un’sh ‘i ‘uw’ p’utl’ul’ust ‘ul’.
Can’t you see your stitches, so that’s why you are just feeling them?
(37) nuwus ch shqut wutth’alust thunu syays.
You finish my knitting for me.


=alus ‘eye’ is used to count loops like stitches or meshes in net.

=itth’e’ refers to long, thin, flexible objects like cedar roots, ropes,
strands of yarn, or strips of cloth or bark.


Click on a form to hear the audio.

=alus =itth’e’
how many?