INLG 334 – Intermediate Language Class

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Week 1




There are lots of things on the Resources page that will help you in studying the language more, in case you want to check your pronunciation or spelling, find out how to translate a word into Hul’q’umi’num’, or to look up what a word means. These are some things that might help you:


This is the program we use to listen to and record audio.

MacOS (Version 3.1.3 current as of May 18 2022)

Windows (Version 3.1.3 current as of May 18 2022)


Thomas E. Hukari, Editor, Ruby Peter, Associate Editor. The Cowichan Dictionary of the Hul’qumin’um’ Dialect of the Coast Salish People. Cowichan Tribes.
PDF versionDocx versionXlsx spreadsheet version

You might see this referred to as the “Hukari & Peter” dictionary. There are multiple versions that are each good for certain purposes.

175 Little Words

PDF version | Xlsx spreadsheet version

At some point you will probably hear this file referred to as 175 Little Words. Here is what it says on the Resources page:

The Hul’q’umi’num’ language has many beautiful little words that are used to make grammatical sentences and to add interesting meanings. Here is a list of 175 little words (clitics and particles and other function words), along with the interlinear gloss that we use when we analyze sentences.

As you listen to older stories, you will hear lots of these little words all in between the kinds of words you’ve already been learning. This can help you figure out what those little words between the bigger words are and what they mean.

Sounds charts

Here are some sound charts to help you see the correspondence between the written characters and the sound in Hul’q’umi’num’:

Sounds of Hul’q’umi’num’: the Hul’q’umi’num’ phonetic inventory

PDF version | Docx version

Pronoun chart – person marking

This chart will help you see how persons are marked in Hul’q’umi’num’. The clitics are words that you can sometimes see near the front of the sentence (like tsun) and the affixes are the parts that go on verbs.

PDF version