Grammar problem sets

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PROBLEM SET 1: “where is my …”

Prepare: some objects

poukwbook
xul’tunpen
pipupaper
luklikey

⇨ Here is the chart of out of sight determiners:

 masculine/plural
 kwthu  ~  kwu
mykwthunu  ~  kwunu
yourkwthun’  ~   kwun’

Goal: Practice possession with out of sight determiners.

  • Question
    • ni’ ’untsu kwthunu poukw? // ni’ ’unuts kwunu poukw?
    • Where is my book?
  • Short answer
    • ’e’ut ’i ’u tu’i.
    • It’s over here.
 in viewout of view
 tthu    ~  tukwthu   ~  kwu
mytthunu   ~   tunukwthunu  ~   kwunu
yourtthun’   ~    tun’kwthun’  ~    kwun’
  • Long answer
    • ’e’ut ’i ’u tu’i tthun’ poukw.
    • Your book is over here.
  • Long answer – you could also point to a place a little further away, but still in view.
    • na’ut ni’ ’u tuni’ tthun’ poukw.
    • Your book is over there.

MAKE FOUR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.


PROBLEM SET 2: “go look …”

Prepare: some locations

sts’utse’ onlutem table
sun’iw’ insitun basket
sun’iw’ inxthum box
’ula’ulh on board, insnuhwulh car
  • Use preposition ’u for a location noun.
  • EXAMPLE:
    • sts’utse’ ’u kwthu lutem    [table is out of sight]
    • (sitting) on the table
  • How do you say?
    • in the basket
    • in the box
    • in the car
  • Question:
    • ni’ ’untsu kwthunu poukw? // ni’ ’unuts kwunu poukw?
    • Where is my book?
  • Answer:
    • ’uwu te’ nu shtatul’stuhw
    • I don’t know.
  • Answer:
    • nem’ ch lemut sts’uts’e’ ’u kwthu lutem.
    • Go look on the table.
poukw booksts’utse’ onlutem table
xul’tun pensun’iw’ insitun basket
pipu papersun’iw’ inxthum box
lukli key’ula’ulh on board, insnuhwulh car

MAKE FOUR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.


PROBLEM SET 3: “my mother”

Goal
Practice out of view:  kwu / kwthu  and  lhu
Practice possession: kwthunu “my”  kwthun’ “your”

⇨ Here is the chart of out of sight determiners:

 masc/pluralfeminine
 kwthu       ~  kwulhu
mykwthunu  ~   kwunulhunu
yourkwthun’  ~    kwun’lhun’

⇨ Here are some kinterms to practice with:

menfather
tenmother
si’lugrandparent
sul’si’lugrandparents
mun’uchild
me’mun’uchildren

How do you say? (hint: use out of view determiner)

  • a. your mother
  • b. my father
  • c. my grandfather
  • d. your daughter
  • e. your grandmother
  • f. my grandparents
  • g. my son
  • h. your children
  • i. my grandmother
  • j. your father

PROBLEM SET 4: “where is your mother from?”

  • Goal:
    • Practice out of view:     kwu /  kwthu and lhu
    • Practice possession: kwthunu  “my”  kwthun’  “your”
    • Practice ’utl’ before placenames.
  • Question:
    • tun’untsu lhun’ ten?  | tun’unuts lhun’ ten? 
    • Where is your mother from?
  • Short answer:
    • tun’ni’ ’utl’ shts’um’inus.
    • She’s from Stz’uminus.
  • Long answer:
    • tun’ni’ ’utl’ shts’um’inus lhunu ten.
    • My mother is from Stz’uminus.

⇨ Here are some kinterms to practice with:

menfather
tenmother
si’lugrandparent
sul’si’lugrandparents
  • NOTE:
    • if your relative is no long living, add past marker =ulh
    • kwthunu men ’my father’ >>>> kwthunu menulh ’my late father’

⇨ Some places: snuw’nuw’us, snuneymuhw, leey’qsun, shts’um’inus, pune’luxutth’, xulel’t-hw, quw’utsun’, me’luxelh, mutouliye’

MAKE FOUR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.


PROBLEM SET 5: “mother went to school”

Prepare:  some buildings

thi lelum’      big house
shhwimelu    store
skwoul       go to schoolskwoul’ew’t-hw      school
telu            money  (from “dollar”)telew’t-hw              bank
q’aq’i’        to be sickq’aq’i’ew’t-hw     hospital
t’i’wi’ulh    prayt’i’wi’ulhew’t-hw church
  • Goal:
    • Practice out of view: kwu / kwthu and lhu
    • Practice posssession: kwthunu “my”, kwthun’ “your”
    • Practice using preposition: ’u.
  • Question:
    • ni’ ’untsu lhun’ ten?
    • Where is your mother?
  • Short answer:
    • ni’ nem’ ’u kwthu skwoul’ew’t-hw.
    • She went to the school.
  • Long answer:
    • ni’ nem’ lhunu ten ’u kwthu skwoul’ew’t-hw.
    • My mother went to the school.

MAKE 8 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS using all the words below.

men   fatherskwoul’ew’t-hw    school
mun’u   childtelew’t-hw  bank
si’lu   grandparentthi lelum’   big house
’imuth   grandhildshhwimelu   store
shhwum’nikw   aunt/uncleq’aq’i’ew’t-hw   hospital
stiwun   niece/nephewt’iw’i’ulhew’t-hw   church

PROBLEM SET 6: “Did John already go?”

Prepare:  some verbs of motion

t’akw’        go home
tetsul        get here
shaqwul    cross over to the other side
t’ahw         come down from the mountain, go down to the beach
tsam          go up the mountain, come up from the beach
  • Goal:
    • Practice: wulh “already”
    • Practice: auxiliary verb nem’ “go”
    • Practice: using masculine and feminine determiners with names
  • Question:
    • ni’ ’u wulh t’akw’ kwthu chan.
    • Did John already go home?
  • Answer:
    • hee, ni’ nem’ wulh t’akw’.
    • Yes, he already went home.
chan      Johnt’akw’ go home
meli      Marytetsul get here
luput     Robertshaqwul cross over to the other side
tanu      Donnat’ahw come down from the moutain, go down to the beach
teni       Dannytsam  go up the mountain, come up from the beach

MAKE FIVE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.


PROBLEM SET 7: “Where are you going?”

Prepare: some activities

’itutsleep
’ulhtuneat
’ushulpaddle
yaayswork
  • Goal:
    • Practice hwtsel  “go where?”
    • Practice auxiliary verb nem’ “go” and stacking up a series of verbs.
    • Practice leaning person markers.   tsun “i” ch “you” tst “we” tseep “you all”
  • Question:
    • nem’ ch ’a’lu hwtsel?
    • Where are you going?
  • Answer:
    • nem’ tsun nem’ ’itut.
    • I’m going to go sleep.

PROBLEM SET 8: “Where are you all going?”

Practice progressive of nem’ ‘go’ hunum’ ‘going’. (yu = prefix)

  • Question:
    • nem’ tseep ’a’lu hwtsel?
    • Where are you all going?
  • Answer:
    • nem’ tst yu hunum’ ’utl’ tawun.
    • We’re going to town.
tawun town
taktu doctor
pestunthe US
mutouliye’ Victoria
shts’um’inus Stz’uminus
kwa’mutsun Quamichan
sqwxwa’mush Vancouver

PROBLEM SET 9: “What are you doing?”

’itut  sleep’i’tut  sleeping
’ulhtun eat’i’lhtun’ eating
yaays workyaay’us working
nem’ tl’ tawun go to townhunum’ tl’ tawun going to town
qwal talkqwaqwul’ talking
huw’a’lum’ playhiiw’a’lum’ ’u tu kumputu suw’a’lum’ playing computer games
  • Goal
    • Practice progressive forms of verbs.
    • Practice yath … ’uw’  “always”
    • Practice leaning person markers after “always”
  • Question:
    • ’i ch tsukwsta’mut.
    • What are you doing?
  • Answer:
    • ’i tsun ’i’tut.
    • I’m sleeping.
  • Follow up:
    • aa, yath ch ’uw’ ’i’tut.
    • Oh, you are always sleeping!

PROBLEM SET 10: Descriptions

’uy’goodqulbads’ulhtunfood
’uy’uy’mutbeautifulquliima’dirty, uglysqwumey’dog
’iyushappyqiqul’ussadstl’i’tl’qulchild
thibig’uhwiin’smalllelum’house
xwumfast’ayumslowsnuhwulhcanoe/car
  • Question:
    • thi ’u tu sqwumey’?       Is the dog big?
  • Answer:
    • hee, nan ’uw’ thi. Yes it’s very big.
    • hee, tl’lim’ ’uw’ thi. Yes it’s really big.
    • hee, hay ’ul’ ’uw’ thi. Yes it’s the biggest one.

PROBLEM SET 11: Opposites

  • Question:
    • thi ’u kwthun’ lelum’?
    • Is your house big?
  • Answer:
    • ’uwu, ’uwu thi’us. No, it’s not big.
    • ’uhwiin’ ’ul’. It’s just small.
  • Long answer:
    • ’uhwiin’ kwthunu lelum’.
lelum’             housethi           big’uhwiin’      little
s’ulhtun          food’uy’         goodqul             bad
snuhwulh       canoe/carxwum     fast’ayum        slow
yasa’qw          hattsq’ix      blackp’uq’          white
qwlhey’shun   shoexew’s     news’eluhw      old

PROBLEM SET 12:  Are you okay?

sthuthi’okay, alright
q’aq’i’sick
si’si’afraid
lhtsiw’stired
titiya’xwbusy
t’et’iyuq’angry
  • A:
    • ’iich ’uw’ sthuthi’? Are you okay?
  • B:
    • ’i tsun tuw’ q’aq’i’. I’m a little bit sick.
    • ’i tsun ’uw’ q’aq’i’ ’ul’ I’m just sick.
    • nan tsun ’uw’ q’aq’i’. I’m very sick.
  • A:
    • ’aa  tl’lim’ qul. Oh, too bad.

PROBLEM SET 13: How are you, grandmother?

sthuthi’okay, alright
kw’eshot
tth’alhum’cold
kw’ekw’i’hungry
lhtsiw’stired
’iyushappy
qiqul’ussad

A:    aa, si’lu, ’iich ’uw’ sthuthi’? Oh Grandma are you alright?

B:    ’i tsun ’uw’ sthuthi’ ’ul’. I’m okay.

A:    oo, ’uy’! Oh, good.


A:    si’lu, ’i ’u ch tth’alhum’? Are you cold.

B:    hee, nan tsun ’uw’ tth’alhum’. Yes, I am very cold.

OR:
B:    ’uwu, ’uwu tsun ’iin’ tth’alhum’.
I’m not cold.

OR
B:    nan tsun ’uw’ kwes.
I’m very hot.

OR
B:    tl’lim’ tsun ’uw’ kwes.
I’m really hot.


PROBLEM SET 14: move it along

Column A translation Column B translation
nem’ go nem’ustuhw take it
m’i come m’istuhw bring it
huye’ leave huye’stuhw take it away
hwu’alum’ return hwu’alum’stuhw return it, make him/her return
kw’i’ climb kw’i’stuhw lift/raise it, make him/her climb
lheel go to shore lheelstuhw beach it
’eli go away ’eliyustuhw take it away
tsam go uphill tsumstuhw take it uphill
t’ahw go downhill t’uhwstuhw take it downhill
t’akw’ go home t’ukw’stuhw take it home
lhew’ run away, flee lhuw’stuhw run away with him/her
  1. m’i lheel=stuhw tthu snuhwulh!
    come go.ashore-CS DT canoe
    ‘Beach the canoe!’ 

  2. ni’ tsun huye’=stuhw kwthu sqwumey’.
    AUX 1SUB leave-CS DT dog
    ‘I took the dog along.’

  3. ’aalh=stuhw=us suw’ ’ushul t’akw’ thuw’nilh.
    get.on.board-CS-3ARG NM:LNK paddle go.home DT:PRO
    ‘She put it on board and she paddled home.’ 

  4. nem’ tsun t’uhw=stuhw kwthu=nu syalh.
    go 1SUB go.downhill-CS DT-1POS firewood
    ‘I am going to take my firewood down.’

PROBLEM SET 15: Go! and Stop! 

Practice your commands, working with a partner (or group).
Tell them to do something, and then tell them to do the opposite.

  • tth’ihwum ch ’i’ m’i ’ewu! Please come here! 
  • nem’ ch huye’! Go away! 
  • hakwush tthun’ yasa’qw! Put on your hat!
  • me’sh tthun’ yasa’qw! Take off your hat!

Make four pairs of sentences into your routine.


PROBLEM SET 16: Do it! Don’t do it!

Practice your negative commands, working in groups. 
Tell someone to do something, and then tell them to don’t do it.

  • xwchenum lhu! Run!
  • ’uwu ch xwan’chunum’uhw! Don’t run.

Make four pairs of sentences into your routine.


PROBLEM SET 17: Keep the ball rolling! 

Practice telling someone to move a ball around, working in groups.

tth’ihwum ch ’i’ kwunut tthu smuqw.
Please take the ball!

siilt tthu smuqw nemustuhw ’u tu chan.
Roll the ball over to John!

kwunut take it nemustuhw make it go
siilt roll it wensh throw it
lume’t kick it kwelsh hide it

⭐ Make sure everyone gets a turn giving the commands. Try to move the ball  around as quickly as possible.


PRACTICING VERBS WITH HUMAN OBJECTS

Table: singular object suffixes

object suffix help + object suffix
lst person singular =tham’sh ts’ewutham’sh “help me”
2nd person singular=thamu ts’ewuthamu “help you”
3rd person =t ts’ewu“help him/her”

PROBLEM SET 18: xwum ’u ch ’i’ … 

Practice telling someone to do something to or for you.

Question: xwum ’u ch ’i’ ts’ewutham’sh. Can you help me?

Transform these into verbs with first person objects.

ts’ewut help him/her  help me
temut call him/her  call me
ptem’ut ask him/her  ask me
tl’umast give him/her a ride give me a ride
t’i’wi’ulht pray for him/her pray for me
xlhast feed him/her feed me

PROBLEM SET 19: hee, xwum tsun ’i’ …

  • Question:
    • xwum ’u ch ’i’ ts’ewutham’sh. Can you help me?
  • Answer:
    • hee’, xwum tsun ’i’ ts’ewuthamu. Yes, I can help you. 
    • ’uwu, skw’ey kw’unus ts’ewuthamu. I can’t help you.
      nan tsun ’uw’ tituya’xw. I’m too busy.

Transform these into verbs with second person objects.

tl’umast give him/her a ride give you a ride
temut call him/her call you 
xlhast feed him/her feed you 
hwtulqut answer him/her answer you 

PRACTICING VERBS WITH PLURAL HUMAN OBJECTS

Table: singular object suffixes

object suffix help + object suffix
lst person plural =tal’hw ts’ewutal’hw “help us”
2nd person plural =talu ts’ewutalu “help you all”
3rd person =t ts’ewu“help them”

PROBLEM SET 20: tth’ihwum ch ’i’

Practice telling someone to do something to or for you.

A: tth’ihwum ch ’i’ ts’ewutal’hw. Please help us!

Transform these into verbs with first person plural objects.

temut call him/her  call us
ptem’ut ask him/her ask us 
tl’umast give him/her a ride give us a ride
t’i’wi’ulht pray for him/her pray for us
ts’ewut help him/her help us

PROBLEM SET 21: ’uy’, I will!

A: tth’ihwum ch ’i’ ts’ewutal’hw. Please help us!
B: ’uy’, ts’ewutalu tsun. Good, I will help you all.

Transform these into verbs with second person plural objects.

t’i’wi’ulht pray for him/her  pray for you all
tl’umast give him/her a ridegive you all a ride
temut call him/her call you all
hwtulqut answer him/her answer you all
ts’ewut help him/her help you all