’ilhe hwulmuhwqun – Language lessons

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Unit 1 – Commands

1.1 Welcome speech. ’i ’u tseep ’uw’ ’eli’ ’ul’? “How are you (pl)?” nem’ tseep ’umut! “You (pl) go sit down!” tth’ihwum ’i’ ts’ets’uhw! “Please be quiet!” hwiyuneem’ tseep! “You (pl) listen!” ’ilhe’ hwulmuhwqun! “Let’s speak a ...

Unit 2 – Subject Pronouns

2.1 Dialogue. A. ni’ ’u ch ’imush? “Did you walk?” B. ’uwu, ni’ tsun xwchenum. “No, I ran.” A. ’i ’u ch lhtsiws? “Are you tired?” ’ilhe ’umut. “Let’s sit down.” B. hay ch q’a’. “Thank you.” ni’ ’u ch nem’ yaays? “Did you go to work...

Unit 3 – Naming Things

3.1 Dialogue. A. stem ’a’lu tu’i? “What is this?” B. poukw p’e’ tthey’.* “That is a book.” A. stem ’a’lu tey’, ’u Mary? “What is that, Mary?” B. xul’tun p’e’ tu’i. “This is a pen.” A. stem ’a’lu kw’un’s** hun’ut tthey’? “What d...

Unit 4 – Locating Things

4.1 Dialogue (Theresa Thorne) A. ni’ ’untsu kwthunu poukw?* “Where is my book?” B. ’e’ut ’i ’u tu’i. “Here it is.” A. ni’ ’untsu kwthunu xul’tun? “Where is my pencil?” B. sun’iw’ ’u tun’ xthum. “It’s in your box.” A. ’e’ut ’i...

Unit 5 – Talking about People

5.1 Dialogue (Margaret James & Theresa Thorne) A. ni’ ’u ch nem’ ’u kwthu theewt-hw kw’un’a’ snet? “Did you go to the big house last night?” B. hee’. qux tthu mustimuhw. “Yes. There were lots of people. ni’ ’amut kwthu slhu...

Unit 6 – The Family

6.1 Dialogue A. ’i ’u ’uw’ ’a’mut’ul’ lhun’ ten? “Is your mother home?” B. ’uwu ’i’us ’a’mut lhunu ten. “My mother's not at home.” A. ni’ kwu’elh ’untsu? “Where is she then?” B. ni’ nem’ tl’shhwimelu’. “She went to the store.” A...

Unit 7 – Describing Things

7.1 Dialogue. A. ’i ’u ch ’uw’ ’uy’ ’ul’, ’u Theresa? “How are you, Theresa?” B. ’i tsun ’uw’ ’uy’ ’ul’. “I’m fine.” tl’lim’ ’uy’ skweyul. “It’s a really nice day.” A. xew’s ’u tun’ snuhwulh? “Is your car new?” B. xew’s p’e’ tthun...

Unit 8 – Verbs of Motion

8.1 Dialogue. A. nem’ ch ’a’lu hwtsel? “Where are you going?” B. nem’ tsun yu t’at’uhw. “I’m going down to the beach.” A. ni’ ’untsu kwthun’ sqe’eq? “Where’s your little brother?” B. ni’ tsam ’u kwthu smeent yusq’u’q’a’ ’u kwthun...

Unit 9 – Verbs with Objects

9.1 Dialogue (Theresa Thorne and Hazel Good) A. ni’ ’u ch wulh ’ulhtun? “Did you already eat?” ni’ tsun qw’ulut kwthu suplil. I baked some bread.” B. hay ch q’a’. “Thank you.” ’i tsun tuw’ kw’ekw’i’. “I’m a little hungry.” ni’ tsun...

Unit 10 – Verbs with Human Objects

10.1 Dialogue (Theresa Thorne and Margaret James) A. ni’ yuhw ’a’lu tstamut lhunu ten. “I wonder what happened to my mother.” B. ni’ ’u ch temut? “Did you call her?” A. he’e. ni’ tsun wulh temut. “Yes. I already called her.” m’i tl’a...

Unit 11 – Actions Affecting the Subject

11.1 Dialogue (Theresa Thorne and Hazel Good) A. ni’ ’u temutham’shus lhunu sta’lus. “Did my wife call me?” B. he’e. ni’ temuthaam. m’i tl’a’asthaam. “Yes. She called you. She is coming to pick you up.” A. ’uy’. q’a’tul tst tse...

Unit 12 – Causatives

12.1 dialogue (Delores) A. ’e’eth wulh tecul thun’ shla’lum’e’lh. “Here comes your babysitter.” B. ’oo. qulstuhw tst. “Ooh. We hate her.” A. nutsim’ ’a’lu? “Why?” B. ni’ ’unuhw stal’hwus ’u kwu tst hiw’a’lum’. “She makes us stop ...

Unit 13 – Out of Control

13.1 Dialogue A. ni’ ’u ch ’uw’ lumnuhw lhu Mary? “Did you see Mary?” B. ni’ tsun ’uw’ p’ulq’nuhw ’ul’. “I just caught a glimpse of her.” nutsim’? “Why” A. tl’lim’ ni’ ’uw’ sne’nuts’ ’ul’. “She’s really upset.” ni’ ’ukw’nuhwus lh...

Unit 14 – Numerals

14.1 Dialogue 14.2 Vocabulary: Numbers 14.6 Vocabulary: Time Expressions 14.7 Telling time 14.8 Giving the time 14.9 Pattern practice 14.11 Vocabulary: days of the week 14.12 Pattern...

Unit 15 – More Numerals

15.1 Dialogue 15.2 Vocabulary: higher numbers 15.5 Pattern practice 15.6 Substitution drill. 15.7 Substitution drill. 15.8 Substitution drill. 15.9 Vocabulary: months. ...

Unit 16 – Expressing Desires

16.1 Dialogue A. ni’ ’u ch spiputstuhw thu q’e’mi’? “Do you know that girl?” B. nilh sye’yes lhunu sqe’uq. “She’s a friend of my sister. ’uy’stuhw ’u ch kwu’elh? Do you like her?” A. nu stl’I’ kw’unus qwulstuhw. “I want to talk ...

Unit 17 – The Body

17.1 Dialogue 17.2    Vocabulary: body parts. 17.3    Pattern practice. 17.4    Pattern practice. 17.5    Pattern practice. 17.6    Pattern practice. ...

Unit 18 - The Work of the People

18.1    Dialogue. 18.2    Vocabulary: verbs of work. 18.3    Using ’u with objects. 18.4    Pattern practice. 18.5    Substitution drill. 18.6    Translation. 18.7    Having people work. 18.8    Pattern practice. 18...

Unit 19 – Emotions

19.1 Dialogue 19.2   Vocabulary: thoughts and feelings. 19.3   Pattern practice. 19.4   Expressing objects. 19.5   Pattern practice. 19.6   Substitution drill. 19.7   Translation. 19.8   ...

Unit 22 – Subordinate Clauses

22.1 Dialogue 22.2    Vocabulary. 22.3    Grammar: Focus sentences. 22.5    Focus and transitives. 22.6    Pattern practice. 22.7    Grammar: Focus pronouns. 22.10   Focus senten...

Download the pdf for each unit here

  • ‘i’lhe’ xwulmuxwqun: tu nucam’at pookw. (Let’s Speak Our First Nations Language: Book One). A secondary school textbook prepared for the Chemainus, Nanaimo, and Nanoose First Nations and Nanaimo School District No. 68, September 1995. Student’s Edition (220 pp.) and Teacher’s Edition (230 pp.)
  • ‘i’lhe’ xwulmuxwqun: tu yusal’um’at pookw. (Let’s Speak Our First Nations Language: Book Two). A secondary school textbook prepared for the Chemainus, Nanaimo, and Nanoose First Nations and Nanaimo School District No. 68, November 1997. Self-study Edition (147 pp.). Students’ Edition (147 pp.)